The Descendants of Richard Burgh
of New Grange, Leek, Staffordshire:
1450 to Present (which includes
Richard Brough and Mary Horleston)
by R. Clayton Brough and Marie B. Nielson, February
Most of this material was originally prepared in July 2000.
Pedigrees of the
Later Broughs of Staffordshire, England: 1450-2004
A List of Richard Brough's Ancestors
de Burgh (b.1450) of Brewood, & Alice
Burgh (b.1480) of Brewood, & Maude, moved to Middle Hulme. Leek,
in early 1500's
Burgh (b.1508) & Johanna of Middle Hulme, Leek
Burgh (b.abt.1538) & Ann Cooke (Cockeld) of Middle Hulme, Leek
Burgh (Brough, b.abt.1579) of Middle Hulme, buried in New Grange, Leek
Brough (b.abt.1620) & Ann, raised their children in Kingsley and
Brough (b.abt.1657) & Margaretae, raised their children in Ipstones
Brough (chr.1688) & Ann (Mary) Mellor, raised children in Meerbrook,
Brough (chr.1722) & Mary Lownds, raised children in Burslem &
Brough (chr.1759) & Ellen Parrott, raised their children in Trentham
Brough (b.1786) married Mary Horleston in 1825 in Stoke-upon-Trent
Richard Brough and His Ancestors
Thomas Burgh and Ann Cooke of
Middle Hulme, Leek had two known sons: Richard (born about 1579)
and Lionel (born about 1582). Richard (b.abt.1579) apparently inherited
lands adjoining Middle Hulme, Kingsley or Ipstones, while Lionel (b.abt.1582)
inherited a messuage and land in Middle Hulme. In fact, family indentures
and legal documents name these two sons amongst their descendants. Also,
the tandem ownership of Brough properties, similar given-name patronymics,
and their related occupations and positions make it probable that the
Broughs of Kingsley and Ipstones were related to the Broughs
of Middle Hulme, Leek.
Richard Burgh (Brough, b.abt.1579) was
buried "of New Grange" (near Middle Hulme), Leek, on 19 March
1635/1636. He and his wife had "dependants"--including but
probably not limited to--a daughter Alicia (chr.1608) and a son Richard
(born about 1620). This Richard Brough (b.abt.1620) married an Ann in
about 1656, and they had seven children, with the first six children
born or christened in Kingsley and the last child christened in Ipstones.
The first child and son of Richard and Ann was also named Richard, who
was born about 1657. This Richard married a Margaretae in about 1680,
and they had six children born or christened in Ipstones. (The sixth
child and third son of Richard Brough [b.abt.1620] and Ann was John
Brough, christened in 1672 in Kingsley. This John Brough married a Sarah
Hulme in 1702 in Leek. RBFO member, Ms. Fon Matthews of Wrexham, England,
is a descendant of John Brough and Sarah Hulme.)
The fourth child and third son of Richard
Brough and Margaretae was also named Richard, and he was christened
in 1688 and married an Ann (Mary) Mellor in 1716 in Leek. This Richard
(chr. in 1688) was a "husbandman" (or agricultural laborer
or farmer), and he and his wife Ann were the parents of five children--all
of whom were christened in Meerbrook, Leek: Hannah (chr. 1717), Samuel
(chr. 1718), Jana (chr. 1721), Richard (chr. 1722) and Jacob (chr. 1724).
Four years after the birth of their second son, Richard Brough (chr.
1722), and a year and half after the birth and death of their last child,
Jacob Brough, Ann (Mary) Mellor, the wife of Richard Brough, took ill
and died in February 1726. The next five years were a struggle for Richard
Brough who often found it necessary to leave the care of his small children
with close relatives in the area while he tried to earn enough money
to provide for their upbringing and take enough time to look for another
wife. Finally, when his son Richard Brough (chr. 1722) was seven years
of age, Richard Brough met and married his second wife, Ann Willshaw,
of Alstonfield, Staffordshire in 1731. Together, Richard Brough and
Ann Willshaw then raised the remaining young children of Richard Brough:
four children-including Richard Brough (chr. 1722)-by his first wife,
Ann (Mary) Mellor, and one other child by his second wife, Ann Willshaw.
Following his marriage in 1731 to Ann
Willshaw, Richard Brough began to train his second son, Richard Brough
(chr. 1722), in the skills of husbandry and craftsmanship. By the time
Richard Brough (chr. 1722) turned of legal age in 1743, he was assisting
his own father with his labors and was employed as a husbandman by other
people in and around the parishes of Leek and Wolstanton, Staffordshire.
(Wolstanton is located about ten miles southwest of Leek.)
During the period of time in which Richard
Brough lived (from 1722 to 1779), England's influence at home and abroad
was rapidly changing. In 1707, fifteen years prior to the birth of Richard
Brough (chr. 1722), the Kingdom of England and Wales, and the Kingdom
of Scotland, united under one great kingdom called the United Kingdom
of Great Britain. At the time of this union, England controlled the
world's seas and possessed the beginnings of a large empire abroad,
particularly in North America.
One year after the Seven Year's War had
begun in 1756 in Europe, Richard Brough (chr. 1722) who was then 35
years of age and who had continued to work as a husbandman and laborer
in the parishes of Leek and Wolstanton, married Mary Lownds (who was
then 25 years old). Prior to their marriage, Richard Brough and Mary
Lownds had already had one child, and following their marriage they
eventually had four more children, with their second child and eldest
son, Richard Brough, being born in 1759 in the parish of Burslem-where
his father, Richard Brough (chr. 1722) had secured work as a husbandman.
Richard Brough (chr. 1722) died in 1779, but he lived long enough to
teach his son Richard Brough (born 1759) the trades and values of a
skilled laborer, husbandman and craftsman.
With the knowledge his father had taught
him, Richard Brough (born 1759) left his father's home in Burslem prior
to 1776 and found work as a skilled laborer and craftsman in the parish
of Trentham, Staffordshire, located about five miles south of Burslem.
It was then in Trentham that Richard Brough (born 1759) met and married
Ellen Parrot in 1777. Richard and Ellen then lived in Ellen's parents
home prior to the death of Ellen's father. Richard and Ellen had four
children, with their fourth child being named Richard Brough, born on
February 14, 1786 in Trentham, Staffordshire. This Richard
Brough (born 1786), married Mary Horleston in Stoke-Upon-Trent (located
next to Trentham parish), Staffordshire in 1825, and it is this
Richard Brough (born 1786) that the Richard Brough Family Organization
is named after. In fact, many RBFO Officers
and members--such as Kent L. Brough (RBFO Board Chairman) , Richard
L. Brough (RBFO Records Chairman), and R. Clayton Brough (RBFO Research
Chairman), and Janene Brough Wood (RBFO Secretary/Treasurer)--are directly
descended from Richard Brough and Mary Horleston.
Genealogies of Richard Burgh of New Grange, Leek, Staffordshire, are
listed within the "Genealogies"
section of the BFO website.