Brough Family Organization

Braithwaite Family Organization

(2016 book, PDF)

Genealogical Database of the ANCESTORS of Rowland Braithwaite
Genealogical Database of the DESCENDANTS of Rowland Braithwaite
Braithwaites of Hawkshead, Lancashire, 1568-1704 (Extraction Project)

     The Braithwaite Family Organization of Utah is a large ancestral family organization that has genealogical and historical ties to the Brough Family Organization. Since 2007 both organizations have conducted joint research projects in England and Utah.
     There are a number of relationships between members of the Braithwaite and Brough families. Here are just two of them: 1) In 1880, John Braithwaite (b.1849) married a widow, Nancy Richardson (b.1838), in Kendal, Westmorland, England. Nancy had previously married Joseph Brough (b.1841) of Kendal in 1863. 2) In 1957, Paul George Braithwaite (b.1936) married Miriam Jane Brough (b.1938) in Utah. Most of their descendants now live in the western and southern United States.
     Limited information about the Braithwaite family of England is posted on the Brough family website as a courtesy to members of both family organizations. For extensive and further information about the Braithwaite family and its Utah descendants please visit the official Braithwaite Family Organization website.

FamilySearch has posted online The Hawkshead Parish Register, from 1568 to 1704

Braithwaite Ancestry

     Hundreds of years ago the Braithwaite family settled in the Hawkshead area and nearby locations of northern Lancashire, England. These early family members were the progenitors of thousands of Braithwaite descendants who now reside in Western Europe, North America and elsewhere around the world.
     The histories of these early Braithwaite families have been described in a number of publications. Below are a few excerpts from four books which describes the Braithwaite clan and kin of Lancashire and beyond.

The Braithwaite Family

Generoso Germine Gemmo ["I bud from a gentle stock" or "Generous increase of a bud"], by Lieutenant Colonel Garnett Edward Braithwaite [1904-1982], Kendal, Westmorland, England, 1965, pages 4-5,10-11:
     …The modern spelling of the name [of Braithwaite] has evolved from many different and earlier forms--de Braythuayt, and Braqwat who 'held a messuage in Langdall,' in the fourteenth century; Braythwait, Brathwait in the seventeenth century, and others with, or without the terminating 'e.' The reason for these different spellings can readily be understood if it is realized that the name was written--either by clerks who recorded it on some document, or by members of the clan itself--as it was pronounced; and that those who did the writing had very different ideas as to the interpretation of that which they heard spoken in dialect. Even near relations, if they could write, spelt the name differently amongst themselves--fathers differed from sons. The word comes from bra, q. brae--meaning a sloping bank, and Thwaite (Sax.)--land cleared of wood.
     The village of Brathay [which is about four miles north of Hawkshead in northern Lancashire] either took its name from the family, or the family got its name from the place. The former is the most likely as the Braithwaites literally swarmed all over the whole of the parish of Hawkshead, and beyond, long before any records were kept.
     I quote from this [Hawkshead Parish] Register - 'This the most numerous and characteristic of our surnames, did not probably, however, originate in the parish, but must have sprung from one of the north country villages of the name. The supposition that they took their name from the River Brathay is ridiculous. The most important stock of this name was the family of Ambleside Hall….[who] became large landowners in Westmorland. But the name was so widely spread in Hawkshead, that it would appear that these Squirearchal families were but branches of the Hawkshead stock who had risen to affluence.
     A good idea of the geographical distribution of this family…can be got from the 'Calendar of Wills' proved within the Archdeaconry of Richmond from 1457 to 1748[:] …Out of about one hundred and seventy-seven wills of Braithwaites, about one hundred and twenty-four are those…of the ramily residing in Hawkshead Parish[,] thirty-five of Sawrey, nine of Wray, six of Skelwith[, and] four of Brathay[. The] Skelwith, Wray and Brathay groups are...offshoots of the Ambleside stock; but the Sawrey group is probably distinct, or, to speak accurately, were probably branched off at an earlier date.'
     The earliest so far discovered recorded…of the name occurs with John de Braythwayt named in a Lay Subsidy Poll of 1332.
     Anyone reading the Records of Kendale [Kendal] and the Hawkshead Parish Register could not help but be struck with the enormous number that, in the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, went to make up our clan; the vast majority of which were obviously poor people, being either tenants of very small holdings or employed by richer folk. The better off were yeomen famers; others followed various and numerous crafts--tailors, saddlers, sheepshearers, boatmen and even publicans.
     Their life must have been one long struggle for existence. They were taxed out of all reason, and fined for trivial offences-offences that can only be described as being peculiar to the countrymen-the money from which went to the monarch of the time. If they failed to find the money then their few goods were restrained, and failing that they went to prison.
     …These hardy people, indigenous to their countryside for countless generations, survived their times. Life around Lake Windermere could not have been as dull or as dreary as that endured by town dwellers. It is recorded that in 1442 'John Philipson and Robert Brathwayt have taken the fishery of the water of Wynandermer…for the year next following…. For which they paid to the King 26.8, and to the Duches of Bedford 13.4. I have no doubt that they got their money's worth.
     From these very early humble folk only Thomas Braythwayte [born about 1459], of Brathay, appears to have materially bettered his lot. He is known to have had a mill in 1494, and to have owned peat lands, from which he made enough money to enable his branch to move slowly, but surely, round the North of Lake Windermere, leaving behind, in the Parish of Hawkshead, descendants of the original stock. His is the first name to be recorded with issue.
     …Our [Braithwaite] family, our line, of today traces back to the original Hawkshead stock…. I do not believe that the Brathay group is an offshoot of the Ambleside branch. Rather to the contrary as Thomas [Braythwayte, born about 1459] of the mill of 1494, who founded the Ambleside stock, was 'of Brathay.' Therefore his branch must have sprung from that place and it only remains to be traced when, and how, the Brathay people broke off from the original Hawkshead stock, and what was their connection with those who lived for generations at Loanthwaite.

Hawkshead: (The Northernmost Parish of Lancashire) Its History, Archaeology, Industries, Folklore, Dialect, etc., by Henry Swainson Cowper, London, England, 1899, pages 199-200.
     …We have now to consider a remarkable feature in our community [of Hawkshead]…. This is what we venture to term, in default of a better word, the clan system-the cohabitation of hamlets and areas by many folks owning the same surname and a common origin. …In the Court Rolls of the time of Henry VIII [who was King of England from 1509 to 1547], certain [family] stocks were grouped thickly together. The Braithwaites then lived about Brathay, Sawreys at Sawrey…and Riggs at Hawkshead. We found that out of some four hundred surnames in [The Oldest] Register [Book of Hawkshead] a very small proportion-thirty-three, to be exact-occupied a very important place, being borne by a very large percentage of the body of inhabitants. …Three families alone are mentioned over a thousand times, and one clan (the Braithwaites) is easily first, being mentioned 2,513 times.

Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, 1906, Volume 6, pages 26-28. Note: Information about "Fulling mills" can be found on:
     The Brathwaites…were the leading family of Ambleside for possible 200 years…. The Brathwaites may have been descended from the Thomas [Braythwayte of Brathay who was born about 1459 and] who held the fulling [cloth] mill in 1494. Almost certainly they acquired their wealth by trade, united with successful agriculture. Already, in the reign of [Queen] Elizabeth [which went from 1558 to 1603], they were rich enough to extend their possessions beyond the town. A deed at Rydal Hall shows that James Brathwaite [1547-1583], towards the end of that reign, bought from John Benson the freehold property or 'Manor' of Bayesbrowne in Langdale, with a messuage and tenement called Elterwater and another called Dykehowe. Land was also acquired, probably after that time, at Brathay and at Pull Beck, across which Gawen [1583-1653] later built apparently the first stone bridge. With this James [1547-1583] and his brother Thomas [1537-1610], sons of a certain Robert [born about 1511], the illustrious era of the family may have said to have begun. James married a cloth merchant's daughter, Joyce Benson, of Miller Bridge. Her father, Bernard, was one of three Benson partners, described as clothiers, who purchased, along with the freehold of their homesteads, almost half [of] Loughrigg from William Fleming, Esq., of Coniston and Rydal. Thomas's marriage was more ambitious. With Dorothy Bindlosse…he appears to have obtained property in Staveley. …He became seated at Burneside Hall [and] became a knight, and in 1591 applied for license to bear arms. His nephew Thomas [1573-1607], successor to James of Ambleside, did the same in 1602-3.

Records of the [Quaker] Friends' Burial Ground at Colthouse, Near Hawkshead, Lancashire, Comprising The Registers of Burials from 1658, Together with a History of the Ground and Sketches of Some of the Families and Individuals Connected Therewith, by Elizabeth J. Satterthwaite, Ambleside, Lancashire, 1914, pages 10-11, 29,53-54,58-59.
     The Braithwaites appear to have been the most numerous clan in the Hawkshead valley between 1568 and 1704; during that period their name is mentioned 2,513 times in the Parish Register [of Hawkshead]. Members of the clan were early convinced of Quakerism. George Braithwaite, of Townend (probably the same who was buried at Colthouse, 1681/2), was the vendor of the first piece of land for the Burial ground.
     The Burial Ground [of the Colthouse Quaker Cemetery] is below and to the south of Town End, but only a few yards distant from the Fold gate. It nestles on the eastern side of the Esthwaite valley with the ancient town of Hawkshead half a miile to the west of it…. In 1658 the surrounding people were simple folk, mostly small farmers who with the care of their flocks often united the trade of a tanner. They tanned the skins of their own animals, and with the help of the women spun and wove the wool of their own Herdwick sheep. Hawkshead had much more life and commerce in those days than now. It was the centre of a large pastoral district, and the weekly market was a busy time. The squares and "streets" resounded with the clatter of iron-shod hoofs and clogs upon the cobble stones. Kindly greeting, friendly gossip and no doubt "fratching" were heard in the market place. Great boned statemen and buxom women thronged in for miles around, and livestock, farm produce, and woolen yarn and cloth were offered to would-be purchasers. Few roads were more than rough tracks, and travelling was done on horseback and pillion.
     What made the [Quaker Society of] Friends of this time choose Colthouse for their burial place we do not know. There was no Meeting House there, and it would seem that Friends were more numerous at High Wray. But probably Colthouse was considered central for the large district the ground was meant to serve, and one of the best of the high roads (leading to the Ferry and Kendal) passed close to its western boundary. Also there was George Braithwaite at that spot willing to part with the necessary land.
     Three hundred and fifty six names are recorded in the Colthouse Registers. …H.S. Cowper in his book "The Oldest Register Book of the Parish of Hawkshead" considers that the years from 1668 to 1672 inclusive were plague years at Hawkshead. The burials in the churchyard in those years were very numerous, and the same was, proportionately, the case at the Colthouse Burial Ground.
     In 1679 a curious Act was passed enforcing the burial of all bodies in woolen for the purpose of encouraging the woolen trade, and an affidavit had to be produced for each corpse within eight days after burial.
     It is to be regretted that so few ages were recorded in the early Registers, but when studying them one comes to the conclusion that many of those who died were children or very young. …The recorded deaths point…to consumption, to which the women and children might be specially liable through spending much time in poorly ventilated rooms. …The men would be more out in the open air.

Ancestors of Rowland Braithwaite (1798-1852)

(2016 book, PDF)

Genealogical Database of the ANCESTORS of Rowland Braithwaite
Genealogical Database of the DESCENDANTS of Rowland Braithwaite
Braithwaites of Hawkshead, Lancashire, 1568-1704 (Extraction Project)

Research on the Ancestry of Rowland Braithwaite (1798-1852)
     Since 2007, members of the Braithwaite Research Committee (BRC) of the Braithwaite Family Organization of Utah have conducted research into the ancestry and descendants of the Braithwaites of Hawkshead and nearby areas of northern Lancashire. This research work has resulted in the identification and documentation of many related Braithwaite families covering a period of more than 500 years.
     Within the next few years the BRC hopes to publish extensive information on the early ancestors and descendants of the Braithwaites of northern Lancashire and beyond. Listed below is the direct male ancestry of Rowland Braithwaite (1798-1852) who married Hanna Askew in 1822 in Kendal, Westmorland, England. This list is based on ongoing research, so the individuals and relationships shown herein--especially the early ancestors of Rowland Braithwait of 1642--are subject to change based on future findings and analysis.

Ancestry of Rowland Braithwaite (1798-1852)
Thomas Braythwayte, b.abt.1459, of Brathay, Lancashire, England
Richard Braithwait, b.abt.1485, of Ambleside Hall, Ambleside, Westmorland, England
Robert Braithwait, b.abt.1511, of Ambleside Hall, Ambleside, Westmorland, England
Lawrence Braithwaite, b.abt.1539, of Hawkshead, Lancashire, England
Lawrence Braithwait, b.abt.1563, of Hawkshead, Lancashire, England
Thomas Braithwait, chr. 6 Aug.1592, Hawkshead, Lancashire, England
Rowland Braithwait, chr. 17 Jul.1642, Hawkshead, Lancashire, England (Quaker; Will)
Rowland Braithwaite, b.abt.1675, of Hawkshead, Lancashire, England
Rowland Brathwayte, chr. 8 Oct.1710, Grasmere, Westmorland, England
Rowland Braithwaite, chr. 22 Oct. 1733, Selside, Westmorland, England
John Braithwaite, b. 10 Apr.1769, Brigsteer, Westmorland, England
Rowland Braithwaite, b.10 Feb.1798, Brigsteer, Westmorland, England
     Married: Hannah Askew (1804-1875) in 1822 in Kendal, Westmorland
     Hannah Askew was a Mormon Pioneer

Relatives of Rowland Braithwaite (1798-1852)
Owner - Gawen Braithwait, 1583-1653, of Ambleside, Westmorland, England
     1st Cousin 7 Times Removed to Rowland Braithwaite
     Owner of the "Old Corn Mill" at Ambleside, Westmorland, England
Poet - Richard Braithwait, 1588-1673, of Burnside Hall, Westmorland, England
     1st Cousin 7 Times Removed to Rowland Braithwaite
Reverend - Reginald Braithwaite, 1738-1809, of Hawkshead, Lancashire, England
     3rd Cousin 2 Times Removed to Rowland Braithwaite
     Minister of Hawkshead Church of England church for 48 years; buried inside the church
General - William Garnett Braithwaite, 1870-1937, of Kendal, Westmorland, England
     7th Cousin 2 Times Removed to Rowland Braithwaite

Braithwaite Coat of Arms

History of Coat of Arms

     The following information comes from the World Book Encyclopedia (1981):
     A "Coat of Arms" is a heraldic design, used to distinguish individual families and to authenticate official documents. The Coat of Arms comes from the custom of embroidering the emblem of a knight on the surcoat which he wore over his armor.
     Heraldic symbols as we know them today developed with the use of armor in the Middle Ages. The suit of armor made it difficult to distinguish friend from foe during violent hand-to-hand combat, and knights developed heraldic symbols so they could identify each other. The symbols usually commemorated an event in the knight's life, or some outstanding quality.
     During the Middle Ages, heraldic symbols were also used in everyday life. Most persons did not know how to write, so they had to develop some way of proving the authenticity of various documents. It became common practice to use a seal with a person's heraldic design as a signature. The introduction of gunpowder into warfare made armor obsolete. As a result, heraldic symbols were no longer needed as a means of recognition on the battlefield. These symbols became more useful as an emblem distinguishing a particular family than as a mark of an individual knight. [Similarly, the College of Arms has stated: "With the introduction of gunpowder and artillery the use of arms on the jousting field and in battle eventually decreased, while the use of arms in civilian activities and social endeavors increased."]
     In England, Richard III established the Herald's College [today known as the College of Arms] in 1484 AD. The Herald's College decided(s) who is entitled to wear coats of arms. Also, in such [areas] as Great Britain, heraldic symbols usually depict the ancestry of a particular individual, rather than an element of his life.
     A complete coat of arms consists of a shield, crest, and motto. The shield, or escutcheon, is the basic element. A helmet, or supporters, or both may be added. Accessories include the wreath, mantling and scroll. The wreath represents a device used to cover the point where the crest was attached to the knight's helmet. The mantling originally protected the knight from the direct rays of the sun and also protected the helmet from stains and rust.

College of Arms in London, England

     In January 2016, the College of Arms in London, England, stated the following on its website:
     Heraldry: "There is no such thing as a 'coat of arms for a surname'. Many people of the same surname will often be entitled to completely different coats of arms, and many of that surname will be entitled to no coat of arms. Coats of arms belong to individuals. For any person to have a right to a coat of arms they must either have had it granted to them or be descended in the legitimate male line from a person to whom arms were granted or confirmed in the past."
     Coats of Arms: "Coats of arms belong to specific individuals and families and there is no such thing as a coat of arms for a family name. From their origins in the twelfth century to the present day arms have been borne by individuals, and by corporate bodies, as marks of identification. They have also been used to denote other characteristics, which have changed over the centuries as society and culture have evolved. New coats of arms have since the fifteenth century been granted both to individuals and corporate bodies by the senior heralds in Royal service, the Kings of Arms."
     Granting of Arms: "As of 1 January 2016 the fees payable [to the College of Arms] upon a personal grant of arms and crest are £5,750, a similar grant to an impersonal but non-profit making body, £12,100, and to a commercial company, £17,950."

History of Braithwaite Coat of Arms

Generoso Germine Gemmo ["I bud from a gentle stock" or "Generous increase of a bud"] by Lieutenant Colonel Garnett Edward Braithwaite [1904-1982], Kendal, Westmorland, England, 1965, pages 5-6:
Thomas Braythwayte [b.abt.1459], of Brathay,…is known to have had a mill in 1494, and to have owned peat lands, from which he made enough money to enable his branch to move slowly, but surely, round the North of Lake Windermere, leaving behind, in the Parish of Hawkshead, descendants of the original stock. His is the first name to be recorded with issue.
     His son Richard [Braithwait, b.abt.1485], who owned the Borrans, and his grandson Robert [Braithwait, b.abt.1511], built houses in Ambleside and prospered through trade and agriciulture. Thomas [Braithwait, 1537-1610] of the next generation, who was Knighted by [Queen] Elizabeth in 1591, married well and was given Burneside Hall near Kendal, by his father, where he died in 1616. He was granted the right to bear the coat of arms of 'Gule, on a chevron argent, three cross crosslets, fitchee sable' with the family crest of a greyhound. I suspect that the 'three cross crosslets' came from the Sandys family.
     In the Transactions, vol. VI, pp. 217 and 230, it is stated that the Red shield with three cross crosslets fitchee sable was the coat of arms of the Warcop branch and the Golden shield with Bugle-horn garnished and furnished sable was that of Ambleside.
     This I believe to be incorrect--in fact I am sure the allocation must have been the reverse. The confusion could well have been caused by the fact that there were three, in two generations, having the name Thomas, all three of whom were granted the right to bear coats of arms. Thomas brother of Gawen in 1602; Sir Thomas of Warcop in 1616; and before them Sir Thomas of Ambleside and Burneside in 1591.
     I believe Thomas took the Bugle in 1602 and his brother Gawen, whether he was entitled to or not, followed suit.
     I possess a coloured facsimile of the 'cross crosslet' coat of arms with the greyhound crest as borne by Sir Thomas of Ambleside Hall; and our crest today is a greyhound. This Sir Thomas, Knighted in 1591, became a Deputy Feodary of Westmorland in 1576 and his son Richard [Braithwait, 1588-1673], an Escheator in 1633. This Richard reproduced the 'cross crosslet' coat of arms on many of the frontispieces of his published works together with the greyhound crest and the motto 'Generoso Germine Gemmo' ('I bud from a gentle stock'.) (Records of Kendale, Vol. II, pages 440 and 441; Transactions, Vol. XXII.)

Heraldic Designs of Braithwaite Coat of Arms

     The Braithwaite Coat of Arms has been used by related members of the Braithwaite family of England for hundreds of years. It is described as follows in these two well-known and respected heraldic publications:
     The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, And Wales, by Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, London, England. First Edition: 1842; Used Edition: 1884, page 115: "Braithwaite ([of] High Wray, co. Lancaster [Lancashire County, England]). [Shield:] Gu. on a chev. ar. three crosses crosslet fitchee sa. Crest-A greyhound counchant ar. collared and chained gu."
     Translated, the above description reads: "A shield of red containing a chevron design of silver (that is frequently represented by white), with three black crosses having the lower part sharpened to a point; and a crest containing a greyhound of silver or white that is lying down and which is collared and chained in red".
     Fairbairn's Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, by James Fairbairn, and later revised by Lawrence Butters), London, England. First Edition: 1859; Used Edition: 1905, page 71, contains two entries for the surname Braithwait or Braithwaite:
     "Braithwait, on a mount vert, a greyhound couchant". Two Plates (or drawings) are then referenced to this entry: Plate cf. 60.1--which contains a drawing of the greyhound lying down; and Plate cf. 68.7-which contains a drawing of a vertical mount (or small hill on which crests are frequently represented). Translated, the above description reads: "A crest containing a vertical mount (or small hill) and a greyhound that is lying down."
     "Braithwaite, Robert, 26, Endymion Road, Brixton Hill, S.W. [Endymion Road, Brixton Hill, Lambeth, London, England], a greyhound couchant arg., collared and chained or. Sub cruce salus." Translated, the above description reads: "A crest containing a greyhound of silver (which is frequently represented by white) that is lying down and which is collared and chained in gold (which is frequently represented by yellow)". The phrase "Sub cruce salus" means "Salvation under the cross".

Braithwaite Family Organization Coat of Arms:

     In July 2011, the Braithwaite Family Organization (BFO) commissioned Julie Rebecca Thorup, a graphic-artist living in Utah, to create a professional looking Braithwaite Coat of Arms for the Braithwaite Family Organization. Using well-known Braithwaite-related documents and heraldic symbols, Julie incorporated historic Braithwaite family art and designs into her drawing, which resulted in a Braithwaite Coat of Arms that was true to its heraldic past while presenting a new and vibrant display of Braithwaite family heritage and tradition.
     Julie Thorup's 2011 artistic drawing of the Braithwaite Coat of Arms (shown below) is now owned and used by the Braithwaite Family Organization (BFO) to represent its corporate existence and is part of the intellectual property of the BFO. This drawing appears on the BFO website, on its official flag, and on its stationary, publications, clothing, plaques and other endorsed items. Braithwaite family members and others wishing to use this drawing should contact the BFO for permission to copy or otherwise use it.

Braithwaite Family Organization mentioned in the LDS Church News

     The research activities of the Braithwaite Family Organization was recently mentioned in a newspaper article entitled "Behind a Wall" which appeared in LDS Church News of the Deseret News (of Utah) on May 7, 2016. This newspaper article is shown below.

The above article can also be viewed under the title of:
Family History Moment - Found in an Oven behind a Wall

Braithwaite Family Reunion, July 14-16, 2016, Manti, Utah, USA

The Registers of Kendal, Westmorland, England, 1558-1631

Kendal Registers, Volumes 1-4, 1558-1631 (PDF files)

Kendal Register, Volume 1, 1558-1587
Kendal Register, Volume 2, 1558-1595 (includes Index to Volumes 1 & 2)
Kendal Register, Volume 3, 1596-1631
Kendal Register, Volume 4, 1606-1631
Kendal Registers Volumes 3 & 4 Index (for Braithwaite and Brough families)

BFO International Headquarters
115 East 800 North, Bountiful, Utah, 84010, USA.